"Mestizaje" (the mixing of the Spanish with the indigenous women) took place which completely ended the original ethnic population that inhabited Quito.
The mixture between Indians, Spaniards and blacks in Quito and the rest of the country, gave as a result the "mestizos" who make up almost 80% of the present population of Quito, and in a smaller percentage "mulatos", "cholos" and blacks. There are no longer pure native communities in Quito, but the memory of the Shyris, Incas and of the Yumbos, a population northwest of Quito, will be in our minds and always comprise an identity for the inhabitant of Quito.
At the beginnings of the 20th century, Quito was a small peaceful town. With the arrival of the railroad in 1908, the mules were changed for machines and accelerated modernization. Decades later, the internal migration from the provinces came in search of work, leaving in behind the large agricultural estates for a new life in the capital.
The great urban growth of Quito, fueled even more by the oil boom, the city developed into three very well marked sectors: the Historical Center, with lots of commerce and presently by tourism; the south, popular area with a poorer population and the north, the modern, fastest growing part of Quito. The architecture changed from the typical homes and parks for great buildings.
Mestizos, black, mulatos, whites and cholos are the present inhabitants of Quito, people who learned many years ago to forget the differences of their skins and to work all together for the development of their families and the city. Like the Big apple of the world, New York and Quito are the center of joining worldwide cultures and offer a great opportunity for growth.